Грамматика английского языка,  Разговорный английский,  Учебники по английскому языку
Английские тексты и учебные материалы для самостоятельного изучения
Видео и аудио уроки, словари, тесты и тексты
Не нашли то, что искали? Напишите, мы найдём!
Разговорный английский      Быстро развить понимание на слух  






Полезные материалы:


Что вы не смогли найти на сайте?


 Полезный материал вКонтакте
Главная  →  ...  →  Темы на английском языке   →  География  →  The Afghan Wars and IndependenceВаш уровень владения языком

Темы на английском языке - The Afghan Wars and Independence

 Topics in English - Geography - The Afghan Wars and Independence  


The reign of the Durrani line ended in 1818, and no predominant ruler emerged until Dost Muhammad became emir in 1826. During his rule the status of Afghanistan became an international problem, as Britain and Russia contested for influence in central Asia. Aiming to control access to the northern approaches to India, the British tried to replace Dost Muhammad with a former emir, subordinate to them. This policy caused the first Afghan War (1838-42) between the British and the Afghans. Dost Muhammad was at first deposed but, after an Afghan revolt in Kabul, was restored. In 1857, Dost Muhammad signed an alliance with the British. He died in 1863 and was succeeded, after familial fighting, by his third son, Sher Ali .
As the Russians acquired territory bordering on the Amu Darya, Sher Ali and the British quarreled, and the second Afghan War began (1878). Sher Ali died in 1879. His successor, Yakub Khan, ceded the Khyber Pass and other areas to the British, and after a British envoy was murdered the British occupied Kabul. Eventually Abd ar-Rahman Khan was recognized (1880) as emir. In the following years Afghanistan's borders were more precisely defined. Border agreements were reached with Russia (1885 and 1895), British India (the Durand Agreement, 1893), and Persia (1905). The Anglo-Russian agreement of 1907 guaranteed the independence of Afghanistan under British influence in foreign affairs. Abd ar-Rahman Khan died in 1901 and was succeeded by his son Habibullah. Despite British pressure, Afghanistan remained neutral in World War I. Habibullah was assassinated in 1919. His successor, Amanullah , attempting to free himself of British influence, invaded India (1919). This third Afghan War was ended by the Treaty of Rawalpindi, which gave Afghanistan full control over its foreign relations.




Слова для повторения:

deposed
reached
Russia
Durrani
agreements
murdered
Border
assassinated
Khyber
Afghans
restored
occupied
acquired
influence
status
Treaty
Despite
183842
caused
remained




→  

Скачать тему на английском языке

  Скачать тему на английском
 


Оставь комментарий и предложение! Подпишись!

netenglish.ru © 2010-2017 - Топики на английском языке  -  Размещение рекламы
Яндекс.Метрика